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Epidemiology: Decoding The Science Of Public Health

Question 1

Epidemiology involves studying infectious communicable disease, not events like injury, obesity, mental health disorders, and seat belt use.
[removed]True

[removed]False

1.6 points

Question 2

The Framingham study was a:
[removed]

a.

Retrospective cohort study.

[removed]

b.

Case-control study.

[removed]

c.

Cross-sectional study.

[removed]

d.

Prospective cohort study.

1.7 points

Question 3

Epidemiology includes the study of:
[removed]

a.

Human behavior

[removed]

b.

Accidents

[removed]

c.

Disease

[removed]

d.

All of the above

[removed]

e.

None of the above

1.7 points

Question 4

The definition of epidemiology involves all of the following EXCEPT:
[removed]

a.

Identification of determinants

[removed]

b.

Measuring the distribution of disease

[removed]

c.

Individuals

[removed]

d.

Application

[removed]

e.

The definition includes all of the above

1.7 points

Question 5

Who evaluated the Bills of Mortality?
[removed]

a.

William Farr

[removed]

b.

John Graunt

[removed]

c.

Hippocrates

[removed]

d.

George Soper

1.7 points

Question 6

Who helped to establish the germ theory of disease?
[removed]

a.

James Lind

[removed]

b.

John Snow

[removed]

c.

Louis Pasteur

[removed]

d.

Florence Nightingale

1.7 points

Question 7

Who showed that poor diet could result in scurvy?
[removed]

a.

James Lind

[removed]

b.

John Snow

[removed]

c.

Louis Pasteur

[removed]

d.

Florence Nightingale

1.7 points

Question 8

The web of causation includes host and environmental determinants.
[removed]True

[removed]False

1.6 points

Question 9

A cause of disease is an event, condition, or characteristic that preceded the disease and without which the disease would either not have occurred or would have occurred later.
[removed]True

[removed]False

1.6 points

Question 10

Which sequence below represents the chronological evolution of disease causation approaches in epidemiology (from oldest to newest)?
[removed]

a.

Web of causation -> Germ theory -> Body humor imbalance-> Ecosocial framework

[removed]

b.

Germ theory -> Body humor imbalance -> Ecosocial framework -> Web of causation

[removed]

c.

Body humor imbalance -> Germ theory -> Web of causation -> Ecosocial framework

[removed]

d.

Body humor imbalance -> Web of causation -> Ecosocial framework -> Germ theory

1.7 points

Question 11

Which of the following are essential attributes of causes (choose all that apply)?
[removed]

a.

Time order

[removed]

b.

Environmental factors

[removed]

c.

Association

[removed]

d.

Direction

1.7 points

Question 12

How much of the increase in U.S. life expectancy since the 20th century can be attributed to public health improvements?
[removed]

a.

25%

[removed]

b.

57%

[removed]

c.

83%

[removed]

d.

75%

1.7 points

Question 13

The purpose of disease surveillance is to monitor aspects of dsease occurrence that are pertinent to effective control.
[removed]True

[removed]False

1.6 points

Question 14

John Snow used mortality data developed by William Farr to test a hypothesis that cholera was spread by contaminated water.
[removed]True

[removed]False

1.6 points

Question 15

Which of the following innovations did The Streptomycin Tuberulosis Trial employ (choose all that apply)?
[removed]

a.

Consideration of the ethical issues involved

[removed]

b.

Randomization to treatment and control groups

[removed]

c.

Masking the investigators

[removed]

d.

Restrictions on eligibility of patients

 

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