How does maximizing the participation by the team members of the client system lead to the discovery and optimization of the organization’s strengths?

Read reference: Boss, R. W. (1979). Essentials for successful organization development efforts. Group & Organization Studies (Pre-1986), 4(4), 496. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/232429368?accountid=144789
In appreciative inquiry, action research, and process consultation, a high level of participation among the members of the system desiring change is desired.
Why is participation such a critical element of AR/AI/PC?
How does maximizing the participation by the team members of the client system lead to the discovery and optimization of the organization’s strengths?
What can the consultant do to maximize participation?
Make sure to include a good summary
500 words, APA format, scholarly references, no charts/graphs