PSY150 Exam #4, Spring 2017         Your name:
This is an open book, open notes exam but you are honor bound to complete it without consulting with anyone nor using any internet sources apart from our course website.  You may take as much time as you wish.  There are 20 questions, each worth 5 points. Email the entire exam (not just your answers) to me as a Word file (not PDF, not WordPad) when you’ve finished it, but no later than 5PM Wednesday June 14.

  1. The associated effect that emotions have on attraction can best be explained by _____.                 A) classical conditioning   B) the direct effect   C) nonconscious stereotyping   D) observational learning
  2. The observation that repeated exposure to a new stimulus results in increasingly positive evaluations of the stimulus is known as _____. A) the proportion of familiarity  B) the affect-centered model of attraction            C) the attitude familiarity effect    D) the mere exposure effect


  1. People who share similar attitudes and beliefs are _____ to like each other. A) less likely                                         B) unlikely         C) more likely   D) neither more nor less likely


  1. Researchers have digitally combined multiple faces to create a composite image. This ʺaveragedʺ face is typically rated as _____. A) average in terms of attractiveness   B) less attractive than the faces used to create it   C) unrecognizable   D) more attractive than the faces used to create it


  1. The motive to increase another’s welfare without conscious regard for one’s self-interests defines
  2. the social responsibility norm                                                                                      b. egoism.                                                                                                                                                      c.  social exchange theory.                                                                                                                             d.  altruism.
  3. The negative state relief model holds that people are less likely to help those they view negatively. a.  True          b.  False


  1. Darley and Latané describe a sequence of decisions a bystander must make before he or she will intervene in an emergency. Which of the following is NOT one of the specific steps?
  2. noticing the incident
  3. interpreting the incident as an emergency
  4. deciding the person is similar to the bystander
  5. assuming personal responsibility for intervening


  1. Bystanders who notice but fail to respond to someone in need in an emergency because they believe someone else will handle it are experiencing
  2. pluralistic ignorance
  3. egoism
  4. diffusion of responsibility
  5. selective altruism


  1. Bystanders who notice an emergency and notice no one else is responding may rely on the judgment of those others about what is taking place. This is a manifestation of
  2. pluralistic ignorance
  3. egoism
  4. diffusion of responsibility
  5. selective altruism


  1. A bystander may ultimately decide not to help in an emergency situation if
  2. the bystander believes the person who needs help is not responsible for the situation
  3. the person who needs help is similar to the bystander
  4. the bystander likes the person who needs help
  5. the bystander fears potential negative consequences of helping


  1. The notion that we help others in our family or clan more than we help strangers because we want to assure the continuation of our gene pool is called
  2. reciprocity
  3. kinship altruism
  4. empathic altruism
  5. negative state relief


  1. A New York city cabdriver once intervened and stopped what he perceived to be a mugging in progress. It actually was a group of actors performing a scene for a television show.  The taxi driver probably intervened due to
  2. desire for fame
  3. his being a New Yorker
  4. negative state relief
  5. the absence of the bystander effect

Match the descriptions with the terms below. There’s only one best match for each.
_____ 14.  Intimacy, passion, commitment
_____ 15.  After exposure to many beautiful faces, the face of our beloved may seem less attractive
_____ 16.  We like and agree with someone
_____ 17.  We like and disagree with someone
_____ 18.  High self-esteem and high trust
_____ 19.  Depression in either self-esteem or trust
_____ 20.  Most people tend to form a couple with someone close to them in looks

  1. Balance
  2. Insecure attachment
  3. Matching hypothesis
  4. Secure attachment
  5. Contrast effect
  6. Imbalance
  7. Consummate love